TOUR 2 CASTLES
Bran Castle & Rasnov Fortress
Râsnov Fortress was built at the order of Teutonic Knights in 1211 – 1225 over an ancient dacian fortress named Cumidava which was destroyed in 106 by the roman army. It was a reference fortress for the medieval times. Now is one of the most visited place from Romania and gather tourists from all over the world with extraordinary stories and amazing landscapes.
Bran Castle was built as a customs post on the mountain pass by the saxones after 19 november 1377 when they get the privilege from Louis I of Hungary to build the stone castle on their own expense and labor force. Here was the border between Transylvania and Wallachia where all the traders had to pay an entrance tax in Transylvania. Latley the castle was used in defense against the Ottoman Empire and played a militarily strategic role up to the mid-18th century. Since 1920 Bran Fortress became a royal residence, was the favorite home and retreat of Queen Marie. The castle was inherited by her daughter Princess Ileana who ran a hospital there in World War II: it was later seized by the communist regime with the expulsion of the royal family in 1948.